Why investing in public transportation is essential to the fight against climate change
What is climate change
Climate change is currently a huge topic being circulated in society. It refers to the shift in the earth's temperature and weather as a result of both natural and unnatural occurrences. Specifically, what our actions as humans are having on our world that we live in, and what conditions we will leave it in for future generations. Climate change and human activities are two things that are commonly linked when referring to climate change. Recently, we have been seeing the effects of climate change on our world, such as warmer weather which as a result is melting glaciers and ice caps, furthermore, increasing the oceans sea levels. There are more droughts and dry spells for longer periods of time in more and more countries, which leads to an increase in the amount of wildfires in certain countries and many more.
The automotive industry and climate change
So, how does the automotive industry play a role in climate change? An estimated of 36.2 Million British households in the UK own at least one car and, of that 25.7 Million British households are owners of two or more vehicles. Most cars that aren't electric produce carbon dioxide emissions which is a form of greenhouse gas that is a cause of global warming / climate change. The average petrol car in the UK produces 180g of CO2 per Kilometre. Now, imagine how much gases are released into our atmosphere with that amount of cars on the road.
Additionally, due to high volumes of cars there is more traffic on our roads which results in many of our cars sitting in idle, with fumes pouring out pointlessly.
The automotive industry and the government have acknowledged this problem and have been attempting and implementing different things in order to reduce CO2 emissions in their industry. Some of these being, introduction of Ultra Low Emission Zones where certain areas of cities aren't able to be accessed by highly emitting vehicles, without paying a fine. Which in turn resulted in car manufacturers introducing and producing more lower emitting emission vehicles as well as hybrid and electric cars and even introducing rev limiters which deny cars of fully revving their vehicle while stationary. However, although this does help, car manufacturers still produce tons of greenhouse gases in their factories to manufacture these cars.