A New House of Commons System may Better Fulfil Participation of the British Public

Disclaimer: This article is personal opinion. There is beauty in disagreement. This is an option towards change. It is not a demand for an entire overhaul.

What is social justice?

Social justice is the fair distribution between all members of society. This includes:

1. Equal access to resources.

Each British citizen should have equal access to resources, such as education, to allow everyone to have an equal start in life.

2. Equity.

Equi­ty involves try­ing to sympathise with others and diagnose what they need for future fulfilment of their lives.

3. Participation.

Each British citizen should be allowed to voice their concerns.

4. Diversity.

Diversity is an understanding that collaboration between individuals of different backgrounds is important.

5. Human rights.

Each individual is entitled to be protected under the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

How does the House of Commons work?

1. Campaign.

Individuals campaign for a seat in the House of Commons to represent their local constituency.

2. The political party with the most Parliament seats becomes Britain's political party for the next five years.

Those not in the elected political party form the opposition. A speaker manages the debate between party and opposition.

3. The prime minister can choose a Cabinet of 20 individuals.

Cabinet manages each Government department, including the Department for Education.

4. The House of Commons debates issues, such as education.

Members of Parliament can share comments raised by their constituents (local residents).

Are four candidates enough?

The information below suggests that on average (mean and mode value), four or five candidates run for each seat in Parliament. There may not be enough choice because:

1. Value-flexibility is limited.

There may not be an individual who reflects values that the community needs. Candidates' values are bound within the overall standpoint of a political party, unless independent.

2. Independence is not embraced enough.

Independent parties have generally not been popular enough to trigger social change. This has resulted in either a Conservative or Labour government. More independent/'mix-and-match' values may better represent the wider public opinion. Some individuals may be left-wing (~ Labour) for some issues and right-wing (~ Conservative) for others.

City Council

Local election year (most recently published data online)

Average number of candidates running for borough election (mode value)

Average number of candidates running for borough election (mean value)

Number of boroughs

Average amount of candidates per city (Mode x number of boroughs)



4.32 (3s.f.)


212 or about 1 in 2400 people


Varying 2017-2021


5.29 (3s.f.)


35 or about 1 in 9186 people




5.47 (3s.f.)


276 or about 1 in 3566 people